Cannabidiol in greater detail
What is CBD or Cannabidiol?
To understand what CBD is, you should know where it comes from. CBD is, like THC, one of the 85 cannabinoids which are found in the cannabis plant.
Just as the THC, CBD is a cannabinoid. CBD has a major influence on the debate of medicinal marijuana.
Most people know THC: this is the ingredient that gets "people high," and that therefore, for years wrongly, gets seen as an illegal psychoactive drug in most parts of the world.
The last few years, attention for another ingredient of the cannabis-cocktail called CBD, is rising. That for a good reason! Where doctors can’t can’t ignore the unpleasant side effects of THC, CBD is a different story.
There’s more and more evidence that CBD has huge medicinal benefits in all kinds of common diseases and disorders.
CBD and THC
The CBD and THC levels vary by species.
The plant cultivated by most of the recreational users, mainly contains more THC than CBD.
By selective cultivation, growers have succeeded in creating more natural varieties of cannabis.
These species have larger quantities of CBD and barely contain THC.
These species are now quickly gaining popularity, due to their healing effect. Because CBD isn’t psycho active and doesn’t get you "high", cannabis with little THC isn’t very popular among recreational users.
However, the same fact makes these new types extremely popular among sufferes: it reduces the amount of side effects.
What is CBD hemp oil?
It would be difficult to explain what CBD-oil exactly is without look at THC. In the time that cannabis was mainly used for recreational purposes - that is to say, to get high – the most important function was the mind-altering effect. This effect comes from the mote THC, the psychotropic ingredient. The more THC cannabis contained, the stronger the kick was. As a result, cannabis was fairly quickly, declared illegal and no longer cultivated or sold. During this entire controversy, something odd happened. While cannabis on one side with root and branch was eradicated, a different group began to cultivate more - but with a minimal dose of THC! The reason for this was CBD. In the same period research showed the numerous healing effects of cannabis. This wasn’t only because the lack of THC, but also to other chemicals which are present in cannabis – of which CBD is the most important.
Health Benefits CBD
CBD has numerous health benefits. Although it doesn’t react with the same receptors as THC, they have a lot of similar components. A review of 2013 shows that CBD causes antiemetics effects, this means it may be useful for nausea. It’s also used to reduce the effects of epilepsy, psychoses and inflammation. CBD contains antioxidants which can be used for the nerve disorders and it works in some cases against depression and even against cancer. You’ll find out more about the advantages of CBD further down this article.
CBD-research still in infancy
Unfortunately there haven’t been to many CBD studies taken place on people; most evidence therefore comes from tests and analyses on animals. However, this soon will change. In the UK, there’s a newly developed pharmaceutical version of CBD and the company behind it, GW Pharmaceuticals, now performs tests with CBD in treatment of schizophrenia and epilepsy. The United States have a team researching and testing CBD as a medicine against breast cancer.
Another plus point is that CBD seems to offer protection against the "high" of marijuana. Several studies claim that CBD fights the effects of THC, including memory loss, paranoia and sleepiness. That’s why some CBD-users feel more awake. Both CBD and THC don’t come with a risk of dangerous overdoses. However, CBD-rich oil is possibly an even better option, because it’s fewer side effects.
Cannabis is not the same as marijuana
Cannabis is a broader term than marijuana: thus, also other hemp plants fall in this category. You can see cannabis as the 'umbrella' that includes all marijuana and other hemp plants. The CBD-oil on the market is generally from industrial hemp. Producers are therefore not seen as 'cannabis dealers' and such. Keep in mind that CBD oil not only cannabidiol contains. There are a number of other phyto-cannabinoids included, such as CBG, CBN and CBC. CBD-oil also contains various amino acids, carbohydrates and fatty acids, minerals and vitamins. With the new legislation from the EU this is going to change during this year. From then, producers will only be able to produce CBD-oil from cultivated plants, especially designed for that purpose.
Medical use without getting high
Cannabidiol (CBD) is an ingredient of cannabis with large medical benefits, that doesn’t get you “high”. In other words, CBD has – unlike THC – no psychoactive effect. Find out more about this above: “Do you get high from CBD”. Research has shown that even CBD can oppose the psychoactive effects of THC. The fact that CBD-rich cannabis doesn’t cause any hallucinations or similar effects, makes it an ideal option for people who suffer from inflammation, pain, fear, psychoses, epilepsy, and similar diseases. Patients don’t have to worry about side effects, such as lethargy and confusion. CBD is found in the high concentration in industrial hemp. This plant has been used to produce twine and other products. The medical application of CBD is still under investigation. CBD is available in abundance in ordinary marijuana-species. We can securely say that CBD the most common ingredient without psychoactive aspects is! We must also mention that CBD oil more or less, the same is as cannabis oil coming from industrial hemp.
In short: CBD now is available as CBD hemp oil and it’s as a medicine used to treat all kinds of diseases. It can also be used as a food supplement. Even THC is in many parts of the world becoming more available as medical application.
Key Facts About CBD oil
If you are looking for more information about CBD-products it’s important that you at least, have the main points clear and know how to deal with it correctly. In order to help you, you’ll find the main points you should know about this product below. This way you’ll be able to understand it better and know how to reach a positive effect for you. When you buy CBD oil, these are the things that you really should know about:
- CBD is one of the most important medical ingredients of cannabis. Although THC, in some places is seen as a medical product and available with a prescription, CBD worldwide can be purchased without a prescription. In other words: THC is a substance that’s strictly regulated, and CBD is not.
- In contrast to THC, CBD doesn’t have the psycho active effect. CBD can therefore be referred to as a recreational drug, with the result that in the United States and a large part of Europe it’s no prohibited substance.
- CBD has numerous medical applications. Currently used to decrease stress and treat diabetes, epilepsy and even cancer.
- The main problem, a lot of people have with CBD, is that’s derived from “Marijuana”. That objection is not very valid. Since the use of CBD fights the adverse effects of THC. When you look at it this way, it’s anything but a “cannabis product”.
- As we have mentioned above, CBD is legal in most parts of the world, but there are groups that try to ” declare CBD to an“illegal drug”. So far, they’ve been unsuccessful and we expect that they won’t win that battle any time in the future.
Medical use of cannabidiol
CBD has numerous medical applications. A growing group of people uses it to treat certain medical conditions nowadays. In this light, we find it important to explain how CBD works in the body, so you can make a well informed decision. Are you considering to use CBD? First, make sure that you are well acquainted with the treatment and effects. On the following pages, you’ll find more information about this!
Active ingredient cannabidiol
The active ingredient of hemp is called cannabidiol, known as CBD. It’s unique in the sense that it’s not psycho active, unlike for example THC. You therefore won’t get high, when you use it. This difference is mainly of chemical nature: THC reacts immediately with the CB1- and CB2 receptors in the body, while CBD have an indirect effect on these receptors.
A few senses that are regulated by the cannabinoid receptors are appetite, mood, pain sensation and memory. These receptors can be divided into two categories, CB1 and CB2. They’re either stimulated by the endo-cannabinoids (body own cannabinoids) that are naturally produced by your own brain, or by exo-cannabinoids such as the substances, that can be produced for example by the hemp plant.
CB1- and CB2 receptors
The CB2 receptors are an important part of the immune system, while CB1 receptors are found in the central nervous system and for a small part in the kidneys, the lungs and the liver. A few features that CB1 receptors fulfill are for example: the issue of neurotransmitters which create a psycho active effect, the maintenance of the body homeostasis to regulate fat burning in the liver, and the creation of sensations as joy, memory, appetite, concentration and pain tolerance. On the other hand, CB2 receptors mainly involve in regulating important immune functions such as induce apoptosis and immunosuppression. It has been determined that CB2 plays an important role in the modulation of pain sensation. It’s also crucial for CSF2, a variety of diseases of the liver and kidney problems to neurodegenerative disorders (alzheimer).